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In The international journal of cardiovascular imaging

Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) is common in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), but relationships between anatomical metrics and obstruction are poorly understood. We aimed to develop machine learning methods to evaluate LVOTO in HCM patients and quantify relationships between anatomical metrics and obstruction. This retrospective analysis of 1905 participants of the HCM Registry quantified 11 anatomical metrics derived from 14 landmarks automatically detected on the three-chamber long axis cine CMR images. Linear and logistic regression was used to quantify strengths of relationships with the presence of LVOTO (defined by resting Doppler pressure drop of > 30 mmHg), using the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUC). Intraclass correlation coefficients between the network predictions and three independent observers showed similar agreement to that between observers. The distance from anterior mitral valve leaflet tip to basal septum (AML-BS) was most highly correlated with Doppler pressure drop (R2 = 0.19, p < 10-5). Multivariate stepwise regression found the best predictive model included AML-BS, AML length to aortic valve diameter ratio, AML length to LV width ratio, and midventricular septal thickness metrics (AUC 0.84). Excluding AML-BS, metrics grouped according to septal hypertrophy, LV geometry, and AML anatomy each had similar associations with LVOTO (AUC 0.71, 0.71, 0.68 respectively, p = ns), significantly less than their combination (AUC 0.77, p < 0.05 for each). Anatomical metrics derived from a standard three-chamber CMR cine acquisition can be used to highlight risk of LVOTO, and suggest further investigation if necessary. A combination of geometric factors is required to provide the best risk prediction.

Sahota Manisha, Saraskani Sepas Ryan, Xu Hao, Li Liandong, Majeed Abdul Wahab, Hermida Uxio, Neubauer Stefan, Desai Milind, Weintraub William, Desvigne-Nickens Patrice, Schulz-Menger Jeanette, Kwong Raymond Y, Kramer Christopher M, Young Alistair A, Lamata Pablo


Atlas shape analysis, Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, LV outflow tract obstruction