In ACS nano ; h5-index 203.0
Nanoplastics are ubiquitous in ecosystems and impact planetary health. However, our current understanding on the impacts of nanoplastics upon terrestrial plants is fragmented. The lack of systematic approaches to evaluating these impacts limits our ability to generalize from existing studies and perpetuates regulatory barriers. Here, we undertook a meta-analysis to quantify the overall strength of nanoplastic impacts upon terrestrial plants and developed a machine learning approach to predict adverse impacts and identify contributing features. We show that adverse impacts are primarily associated with toxicity metrics, followed by plant species, nanoplastic mass concentration and size, and exposure time and medium. These results highlight that the threats of nanoplastics depend on a diversity of reactions across molecular to ecosystem scales. These reactions are rooted in both the spatial and functional complexities of nanoplastics and, as such, are specific to both the plastic characteristics and environmental conditions. These findings demonstrate the utility of interrogating the diversity of toxicity data in the literature to update both risk assessments and evidence-based policy actions.
Dang Fei, Wang Qingyu, Yan Xiliang, Zhang Yuanye, Yan Jiachen, Zhong Huan, Zhou Dongmei, Luo Yongming, Zhu Yong-Guan, Xing Baoshan, Wang Yujun
machine learning, meta-analysis, nanoplastics, phytotoxicology, plants