In Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment
Background and Purpose : There is limited available evidence for the relationship between uric acid (UA) levels and ischemic stroke in young adults. We aimed to explore the association between UA levels and acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in young patients.
Materials and Methods : This was a prospective and observational study. We recruited young patients aged 18-45 years with AIS at our tertiary hospital. Patients were categorized into four groups according to quartiles of UA levels. The primary outcome was functional outcome at 3 months. The secondary outcomes included stroke severity, in-hospital complications, and functional outcome at discharge. Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores were used to assess functional outcome as poor (mRS=2-6) or favorable(mRS=0-1).
Results : A total of 636 patients were enrolled in the current analysis. The four groups were defined as follows: Q1≤289.8 µmol/L, 289.8 µmol/ L<Q2≤349.0 µmol/L, 349.0 µmol/L<Q3≤421 µmol/L, and Q4>421 µmol/L. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that UA levels were not significantly predictive of functional outcome either at discharge or at 3 months after AIS. However, compared to Q1, higher UA levels were significantly negatively associated with the rate of moderate-severe stroke (NIHSS≥5) at admission (p for trend =0.016). Furthermore, a reduction in the risk for in-hospital pneumonia was significantly associated with higher UA levels compared to Q1 (P for trend < 0.0001).
Conclusion : Serum UA was a protective factor for stroke severity and in-hospital pneumonia after AIS in young patients. However, we were unable to identify the predictive significance of UA for functional outcome either at discharge or at 3 months after AIS.
Liu Yanfang, Liu Xinmin, Jia Jiaokun, Guo Jiahuan, Li Guangshuo, Zhao Xingquan
complication, outcome, stroke severity, uric acid, young ischemic stroke