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In Journal of oncology

The ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has a huge influence on global public health and the economy. Lung cancer is one of the high-risk factors of COVID-19, but the molecular mechanism of lung cancer and COVID-19 is still unclear, and further research is needed. Therefore, we used the transcriptome information of the public database and adopted bioinformatics methods to identify the common pathways and molecular biomarkers of lung cancer and COVID-19 to further understand the connection between them. The two RNA-seq data sets in this study-GSE147507 (COVID-19) and GSE33532 (lung cancer)-were both derived from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs) for lung cancer and COVID-19 patients. We conducted Gene Ontology (GO) functions and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways enrichment analysis and found some common features between lung cancer and COVID-19. We also performed TFs-gene, miRNAs-gene, and gene-drug analyses. In total, 32 DEGs were found. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by DEGs, and 10 hub genes were screened. Finally, the identified drugs may be helpful for COVID-19 treatment.

Wang Ye, Li Qing, Zhang Jianfang, Xie Hui