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In Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical engineering

OBJECTIVES : The leukocyte is a specialized immune cell that functions as the foundation of the immune system and keeps the body healthy. The WBC classification plays a vital role in diagnosing various disorders in the medical area, including infectious diseases, immune deficiencies, leukemia, and COVID-19. A few decades ago, Machine Learning algorithms classified WBC types required for image segmentation, and the feature extraction stages, but this new approach becomes automatic while existing models can be fine-tuned for specific classifications.

METHODS : The inception architecture and deep learning model-based Resnet connection are integrated into this article. Our proposed method, inception Resnet-v3, was used to classify WBCs into five categories using 15.7k images. Pathologists made diagnoses of all images so a model could be trained to classify five distinct types of cells.

RESULTS : After implementing the proposed architecture on a large dataset of 5 categories of human peripheral white blood cells, it achieved high accuracy than VGG, U-Net and Resnet. We tested our model with WBC images from additional public datasets such as the Kaagel data sets and Raabin data sets of which the accuracy was 98.80% and 98.95%.

CONCLUSIONS : Considering the large sample sizes, we believe the proposed method can be used for improving the diagnostic performance of clinical blood examinations as well as a promising alternative for machine learning. Test results obtained with the system have been satisfying, with outstanding values for Accuracy, Precision, Recall, Specificity and F1 Score.

Palanivel Silambarasi, Nallasamy Viswanathan


deep learning, image classification, inception V3, leukocyte, residual network