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In Cancer control : journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center

OBJECTIVES : Now a days, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) margin assessment is done by examining histopathology images and inspection of whole slide images (WSI) using a conventional microscope. This is time-consuming, tedious, and depends on experts' experience which may lead to misdiagnosis and mistreatment plans. This study aims to develop a system for the automatic diagnosis of skin cancer margin for squamous cell carcinoma from histopathology microscopic images by applying deep learning techniques.

METHODS : The system was trained, validated, and tested using histopathology images of SCC cancer locally acquired from Jimma Medical Center Pathology Department from seven different skin sites using an Olympus digital microscope. All images were preprocessed and trained with transfer learning pre-trained models by fine-tuning the hyper-parameter of the selected models.

RESULTS : The overall best training accuracy of the models become 95.3%, 97.1%, 89.8%, and 89.9% on EffecientNetB0, MobileNetv2, ResNet50, VGG16 respectively. In addition to this, the best validation accuracy of the models was 94.7%, 91.8%, 87.8%, and 86.7% respectively. The best testing accuracy of the models at the same epoch was 95.2%, 91.5%, 87%, and 85.5% respectively. From these models, EfficientNetB0 showed the best average training and testing accuracy than the other models.

CONCLUSIONS : The system assists the pathologist during the margin assessment of SCC by decreasing the diagnosis time from an average of 25 minutes to less than a minute.

Wako Beshatu Debela, Dese Kokeb, Ulfata Roba Elala, Nigatu Tilahun Alemayehu, Turunbedu Solomon Kebede, Kwa Timothy

classification, deep learning, histopathological margins, reconstruction surgery, recurrence rate, squamous cell carcinoma, transfer learning