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In CPT: pharmacometrics & systems pharmacology

The application of logistic regression (LR) and Cox Proportional Hazard (CoxPH) models are well established for evaluating exposure-response (E-R) relationship in large molecule oncology drugs. However, applying machine learning (ML) models on evaluating E-R relationships has not been widely explored. We developed a workflow to train regularized LR/CoxPH and tree-based XGboost (XGB) models, and derive the odds ratios for best overall response and hazard ratios for overall survival, across exposure quantiles to evaluate the E-R relationship using clinical trial datasets. The E-R conclusions between LR/CoxPH and XGB models are overall consistent, and largely aligned with historical pharmacometric analyses findings. Overall, applying this interpretable ML workflow provides a promising alternative method to assess E-R relationships for impacting key dosing decisions in drug development.

Liu Gengbo, Lu James, Lim Hong Seo, Jin Jin Yan, Lu Dan