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In Multimedia tools and applications

Optimization algorithms are used to improve model accuracy. The optimization process undergoes multiple cycles until convergence. A variety of optimization strategies have been developed to overcome the obstacles involved in the learning process. Some of these strategies have been considered in this study to learn more about their complexities. It is crucial to analyse and summarise optimization techniques methodically from a machine learning standpoint since this can provide direction for future work in both machine learning and optimization. The approaches under consideration include the Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD), Stochastic Optimization Descent with Momentum, Rung Kutta, Adaptive Learning Rate, Root Mean Square Propagation, Adaptive Moment Estimation, Deep Ensembles, Feedback Alignment, Direct Feedback Alignment, Adfactor, AMSGrad, and Gravity. prove the ability of each optimizer applied to machine learning models. Firstly, tests on a skin cancer using the ISIC standard dataset for skin cancer detection were applied using three common optimizers (Adaptive Moment, SGD, and Root Mean Square Propagation) to explore the effect of the algorithms on the skin images. The optimal training results from the analysis indicate that the performance values are enhanced using the Adam optimizer, which achieved 97.30% accuracy. The second dataset is COVIDx CT images, and the results achieved are 99.07% accuracy based on the Adam optimizer. The result indicated that the utilisation of optimizers such as SGD and Adam improved the accuracy in training, testing, and validation stages.

Hassan Esraa, Shams Mahmoud Y, Hikal Noha A, Elmougy Samir


Deep ensembles, Medical images, Optimization algorithm, Rung Kutta optimization, Stochastic gradient decent