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In Topics in stroke rehabilitation

BACKGROUND : The use of artificial intelligence (AI) is revolutionizing nearly every aspect of healthcare, but the application of AI in rehabilitation is lagging behind. Clinically, gait parameters and patterns are used to evaluate stroke-specific impairment. We hypothesized that gait kinematics of individuals with stroke provide rich information for the deep-learning to predict the clinical decisions made by physiotherapist.

OBJECTIVE : To investigate whether the results of clinical assessments and exercise recommendations by physiotherapists can be accurately predicted using a deep-learning algorithm with gait kinematics data.

METHOD : In this cross-sectional study, 40 individuals with stroke were assessed by a physiotherapist using the lower-extremity subscale of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA-LE) and Berg Balance Scale (BBS). The physiotherapist also decided whether or not the single-leg-stance was an appropriate balance training for each participant. The participants were classified as having good mobility and a low fall risk based on the cutoff scores of the two clinical scales. A convolutional neural network (CNN) was trained using gait kinematics to predict the assessment results and exercise recommendations.

RESULTS : The trained model accurately predicted the results of the clinical assessments and decisions with an average prediction accuracy of 0.84 for the FMA-LE, 0.66 for the BBS, and 0.78 for the recommendation of the single-leg-stance exercise.

CONCLUSIONS : This CNN deep-learning model provided time-effective and accurate prediction of clinical assessment results and exercise recommendations. This study provides preliminary evidence to support the use of biomechanical data and AI to assist treatment planning and shorten the decision-making process in rehabilitation.

Li Jiaqi, Kwong Patrick W H, Lua E K, Chan Mathew Y L, Choo Anna, Donnelly C J W


Stroke, artificial intelligence, balance, deep learning, gait, rehabilitation