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In Computational intelligence and neuroscience

Sleep stage classification is essential in diagnosing and treating sleep disorders. Many deep learning models have been proposed to classify sleep stages by automatic learning features and temporal context information. These temporal context features come from the intra-epoch temporal features, which represent the overall morphology of an epoch, and temporal features of adjacent epochs and long epochs, which represent the influence between epochs. However, most existing methods do not fully use the complementarity of the three-level temporal features, resulting in incomplete extracted temporal features. To solve this problem, we propose a multilevel temporal context network (MLTCN) to learn the temporal features from intra-epoch, adjacent epochs, and long epochs, which utilizes the complete temporal features to improve classification accuracy. We evaluate the performance of the proposed model on the Sleep-EDF datasets published in 2013 and 2018. The experimental results show that our MLTCN can achieve an overall accuracy of 84.2% and a kappa coefficient of 0.78 on the Sleep-EDF-2013 dataset. On the larger Sleep-EDF-2018 dataset, the overall accuracy is 81.0%, and a kappa coefficient is 0.74. Our model can better assist sleep experts in diagnosing sleep disorders.

Lv Xingfeng, Li Jinbao, Xu Qian