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In Frontiers in pharmacology

Background: Colon cancer (CRC) is one of the malignant tumors with a high incidence in the world. Many previous studies on CRC have focused on clinical research. With the in-depth study of CRC, the role of molecular mechanisms in CRC has become increasingly important. Currently, machine learning is widely used in medicine. By combining machine learning with molecular mechanisms, we can better understand CRC's pathogenesis and develop new treatments for it. Methods and materials: We used the R language to construct molecular subtypes of colon cancer and subsequently explored prognostic genes with GEPIA2. Enrichment analysis is used by WebGestalt to obtain differential genes. Protein-protein interaction networks of differential genes were constructed using the STRING database and the Cytoscape tool. TIMER2.0 and TISIDB databases were used to investigate the correlation of these genes with immune-infiltrating cells and immune targets. The cBioportal database was used to explore genomic alterations. Results: In our study, the molecular prognostic model of CRC was constructed to study the prognostic factors of CRC, and finally, it was found that Charcot-Leyden crystal galectin (CLC), zymogen granule protein 16 (ZG16), leucine-rich repeat-containing protein 26 (LRRC26), intelectin 1 (ITLN1), UDP-GlcNAc: betaGal beta-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase 6 (B3GNT6), chloride channel accessory 1 (CLCA1), growth factor independent 1 transcriptional repressor (GFI1), aquaporin 8 (AQP8), HEPACAM family member 2 (HEPACAM2), and UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 2 member B15 (UGT2B15) were correlated with the subtype model of CRC prognosis. Enrichment analysis shows that differential genes were mainly associated with immune-inflammatory pathways. GFI1 and CLC were associated with immune cells, immunoinhibitors, and immunostimulator. Genomic analysis shows that there were no significant changes in differential genes. Conclusion: By constructing molecular subtypes of colon cancer, we discovered new colon cancer prognostic markers, which can provide direction for new treatments in the future.

Zhou Bo, Yu Jiazi, Cai Xingchen, Wu Shugeng


colon cancer, machine learning, molecular subtype model, pathogenesis, prognosis