In Frontiers in pharmacology
In the past few years, various somatic point mutations of isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) encoding genes (IDH1 and IDH2) have been identified in a broad range of cancers, including glioma. Despite the important function of IDH1 in tumorigenesis and its very polymorphic nature, it is not yet clear how different nsSNPs affect the structure and function of IDH1. In the present study, we employed different machine learning algorithms to screen nsSNPs in the IDH1 gene that are highly deleterious. From a total of 207 SNPs, all of the servers classified 80 mutations as deleterious. Among the 80 deleterious mutations, 14 were reported to be highly destabilizing using structure-based prediction methods. Three highly destabilizing mutations G15E, W92G, and I333S were further subjected to molecular docking and simulation validation. The docking results and molecular simulation analysis further displayed variation in dynamics features. The results from molecular docking and binding free energy demonstrated reduced binding of the drug in contrast to the wild type. This, consequently, shows the impact of these deleterious substitutions on the binding of the small molecule. PCA (principal component analysis) and FEL (free energy landscape) analysis revealed that these mutations had caused different arrangements to bind small molecules than the wild type where the total internal motion is decreased, thus consequently producing minimal binding effects. This study is the first extensive in silico analysis of the IDH1 gene that can narrow down the candidate mutations for further validation and targeting for therapeutic purposes.
Suleman Muhammad, Umme-I-Hani Syeda, Salman Muhammad, Aljuaid Mohammed, Khan Abbas, Iqbal Arshad, Hussain Zahid, Ali Syed Shujait, Ali Liaqat, Sher Hassan, Waheed Yasir, Wei Dong-Qing
IDH1, binding free energy, introduction, molecular docking, nsSNPs, simulation