In Computational and structural biotechnology journal
Gastrointestinal cancers account for 22.5% of cancer related deaths worldwide and represent circa 20% of all cancers. In the last decades, we have witnessed a shift from histology-based to molecular-based classifications using genomic, epigenomic, and transcriptomic data. The molecular based classification revealed new prognostic markers and may aid the therapy selection. Because of the high-costs to perform a molecular classification, in recent years immunohistochemistry-based surrogate classification were developed which permit the stratification of patients, and in parallel multiple groups developed hematoxylin and eosin whole slide image analysis for sub-classifying these entities. Hence, we are witnessing a return to an image-based classification with the purpose to infer hidden information from routine histology images that would permit to detect the patients that respond to specific therapies and would be able to predict their outcome. In this review paper, we will discuss the current histological, molecular, and immunohistochemical classifications of the most common gastrointestinal cancers, gastric adenocarcinoma, and colorectal adenocarcinoma, and will present key aspects for developing a new artificial intelligence aided image-based classification of these malignancies.
Minciuna Corina-Elena, Tanase Mihai, Manuc Teodora Ecaterina, Tudor Stefan, Herlea Vlad, Dragomir Mihnea P, Calin George A, Vasilescu Catalin
Artificial intelligence, Gastric adenocarcinoma, Image-based classification, Molecular classification