In Computational and structural biotechnology journal
Multi-omics technologies are being increasingly utilized in angiogenesis research. Yet, computational methods have not been widely used for angiogenic target discovery and prioritization in this field, partly because (wet-lab) vascular biologists are insufficiently familiar with computational biology tools and the opportunities they may offer. With this review, written for vascular biologists who lack expertise in computational methods, we aspire to break boundaries between both fields and to illustrate the potential of these tools for future angiogenic target discovery. We provide a comprehensive survey of currently available computational approaches that may be useful in prioritizing candidate genes, predicting associated mechanisms, and identifying their specificity to endothelial cell subtypes. We specifically highlight tools that use flexible, machine learning frameworks for large-scale data integration and gene prioritization. For each purpose-oriented category of tools, we describe underlying conceptual principles, highlight interesting applications and discuss limitations. Finally, we will discuss challenges and recommend some guidelines which can help to optimize the process of accurate target discovery.
Subramanian Abhishek, Zakeri Pooya, Mousa Mira, Alnaqbi Halima, Alshamsi Fatima Yousif, Bettoni Leo, Damiani Ernesto, Alsafar Habiba, Saeys Yvan, Carmeliet Peter
Angiogenesis, Biological networks, Functional enrichment, Gene prioritization, Single-cell multi-omics, Unsupervised and supervised data fusion