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In Brain imaging and behavior

This study aimed to determine the minimal scanning duration of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for producing individualized repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) targets that are superior to the group-level targets. This study included 30 healthy subjects and 20 depressive patients with high-sampled fMRI data (> 69 min). We computed suboptimal targets by gradually increasing the scanning duration beginning at 6 min. The suboptimal target connectivity and spatial distance to the optimal target (based on the full-duration scanning data) were compared to an anatomically fixed target from a group analysis (termed as the group target). These analyses were repeated for healthy subjects and depressive patients, as well as for target masks in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and inferior parietal lobule (IPL). As the scanning duration increased, the suboptimal targets gradually approached the optimal targets in the healthy subjects. Compared with the group targets, the suboptimal targets in the DLPFC showed higher connectivity strength after 10 min of data collection and shorter spatial distance after 40 min. Similar results were found in major depressive patients. In the IPL, the minimal scanning duration decreased to 6 and 8 min for connectivity strength and distance, respectively. These findings provide an important reference for individualized target definition in terms of scanning duration, which may standardize connectivity-based personalized studies. Future research is needed to further validate the therapeutic effects of the approach.

Sun Jinmei, Du Rongrong, Zhang Bing, Hua Qiang, Wang Yingru, Zhang Yuanyuan, Ji Gong-Jun, He Kongliang, Wang Kai


Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, Individualized target, Inferior parietal lobule, Minimal scanning duration, Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation