Receive a weekly summary and discussion of the top papers of the week by leading researchers in the field.

In Frontiers in molecular neuroscience

Brain networks have significant implications for the understanding of migraine pathophysiology and prognosis. This study aimed to investigate whether large-scale network dysfunction in patients with migraine without aura (MwoA) could predict the efficacy of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Seventy patients with episodic MwoA and 33 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited. Patients were divided into MwoA with effective NSAIDs (M-eNSAIDs) and with ineffective NSAIDs (M-ieNSAIDs). Group-level independent component analysis and functional network connectivity (FNC) analysis were used to extract intrinsic networks and detect dysfunction among these networks. The clinical characteristics and FNC abnormalities were considered as features, and a support vector machine (SVM) model with fivefold cross-validation was applied to distinguish the subjects at an individual level. Dysfunctional connections within seven networks were observed, including default mode network (DMN), executive control network (ECN), salience network (SN), sensorimotor network (SMN), dorsal attention network (DAN), visual network (VN), and auditory network (AN). Compared with M-ieNSAIDs and HCs, patients with M-eNSAIDs displayed reduced DMN-VN and SMN-VN, and enhanced VN-AN connections. Moreover, patients with M-eNSAIDs showed increased FNC patterns within ECN, DAN, and SN, relative to HCs. Higher ECN-SN connections than HCs were revealed in patients with M-ieNSAIDs. The SVM model demonstrated that the area under the curve, sensitivity, and specificity were 0.93, 0.88, and 0.89, respectively. The widespread FNC impairment existing in the modulation of medical treatment suggested FNC disruption as a biomarker for advancing the understanding of neurophysiological mechanisms and improving the decision-making of therapeutic strategy.

Wei Heng-Le, Yang Wen-Juan, Zhou Gang-Ping, Chen Yu-Chen, Yu Yu-Sheng, Yin Xindao, Li Junrong, Zhang Hong


efficacy, functional network connectivity, machine learning, migraine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs