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In New microbes and new infections

The World Health Organization in 2017 listed carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) with critical priority for research. A research to assess carbapenem resistant Escherichia coli (CREc) in coliuria among the outpatients and inpatients of a tertiary health institution was carried out using conventional methods, polymerase chain reaction, Sanger sequencing, and bioinformatics. There were 39 positive coliuria cases from the urine samples collected from a total of 126 patients with various genitourinary diseases. The E. coli enumeration (log10 CFU/mL) revealed that 82.1% (n = 32) of the samples showed significant coliuria, 12.8% (n = 5) showed non-significant coliuria while 5.1% (n = 2) showed indeterminate coliuria even when repeated. Significantly higher numbers (p > 0.05) of the sampled inpatients yielded positive coliuria (57.9%) than the outpatients. Though there were significantly more (P > 0.05) urology female patients (n = 77) than male (n = 49), coliuria was more prevalent in sampled male patients (34.9%) than female (28.6%). Highest prevalence of coliuria was observed among the age range (18-30) years. Selected CREc that was sequenced and the sequences submitted to GenBank of National Center for Biotechnological Information (NCBI) were Escherichia coli AYO-WINI111 and Escherichia coli AYO-WINI112 with accession number MT735391 and MT735392, respectively. High resistance was observed against ertapenem (53%), imipenem (62%), meropenem (48%), and doripenem (47%), while 7%-22% of the isolates showed phenotypic intermediate carbapenem resistance. Critically dangerous CREc are harboured by large number urology patients in the study area, depicting the need for more attention in the management of the condition, as CREc are close to achieving totally antibiotic resistance.

Adegoke A A, Ikott W E, Okoh A I


Carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae, coliuria, imipenem, meropenem resistance