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In Translational vision science & technology

Purpose : In patients with ophthalmic disorders, psychosocial risk factors play an important role in morbidity and mortality. Proper and early psychiatric screening can result in prompt intervention and mitigate its impact. Because screening is resource intensive, we developed a framework for automating screening using an electronic health record (EHR)-derived artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm.

Methods : Subjects came from the Duke Ophthalmic Registry, a retrospective EHR database for the Duke Eye Center. Inclusion criteria included at least two encounters and a minimum of 1 year of follow-up. Presence of distress was defined at the encounter level using a computable phenotype. Risk factors included available EHR history. At each encounter, risk factors were used to discriminate psychiatric status. Model performance was evaluated using area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and area under the precision-recall curve (PR AUC). Variable importance was presented using odds ratios (ORs).

Results : Our cohort included 358,135 encounters from 40,326 patients with an average of nine encounters per patient over 4 years. The ROC and PR AUC were 0.91 and 0.55, respectively. Of the top 25 predictors, the majority were related to existing distress, but some indicated stressful conditions, including chemotherapy (OR = 1.36), esophageal disorders (OR = 1.31), central pain syndrome (OR = 1.25), and headaches (OR = 1.24).

Conclusions : Psychiatric distress in ophthalmology patients can be monitored passively using an AI algorithm trained on existing EHR data.

Translational Relevance : When paired with an effective referral and treatment program, such algorithms may improve health outcomes in ophthalmology.

Berchuck Samuel I, Jammal Alessandro A, Page David, Somers Tamara J, Medeiros Felipe A