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In Journal of the Royal Society, Interface

Capillary blood vessels in the body partake in the exchange of gas and nutrients with tissues. They are interconnected via multiple vascular junctions forming the microvascular network. Distributions of blood flow and red cells (RBCs) in such networks are spatially uneven and vary in time. Since they dictate the pathophysiology of tissues, their knowledge is important. Theoretical models used to obtain flow and RBC distribution in large networks have limitations as they treat each vessel as a one-dimensional segment and do not explicitly consider cell-cell and cell-vessel interactions. High-fidelity computational models that accurately model each individual RBC are computationally too expensive to predict haemodynamics in large vascular networks and over a long time. Here we investigate the applicability of machine learning (ML) techniques to predict blood flow and RBC distributions in physiologically realistic vascular networks. We acquire data from high-fidelity simulations of deformable RBC suspension flowing in the networks. With the flow and haematocrit specified at an inlet of vasculature, the ML models predict the time-averaged flow rate and RBC distributions in the entire network, time-dependent flow rate and haematocrit in each vessel and vascular bifurcation in isolation over a long time, and finally, simultaneous spatially and temporally evolving quantities through the vessel hierarchy in the networks.

Ebrahimi Saman, Bagchi Prosenjit


blood cell, computational fluid dynamics, haemodynamics, machine learning, microcirculation