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In Frontiers in public health

Objective : To observe changes in blood pressure (ΔBP) and explore potential risk factors for high ΔBP among nurses working in a negative pressure isolation ward (NPIW).

Methods : Data from the single-center prospective observational study were used. Based on a routine practice plan, female nurses working in NPIW were scheduled to work for 4 days/week in different shifts, with each day working continuously for either 5 or 6 h. BP was measured when they entered and left NPIW. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess potential risk factors in relation to ΔBP ≥ 5 mm Hg.

Results : A total of 84 nurses were included in the analysis. The ΔBP was found to fluctuate on different working days; no significant difference in ΔBP was observed between the schedules of 5 and 6 h/day. The standardized score from the self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) was significantly associated with an increased risk of ΔBP ≥ 5 mm Hg (odds ratio [OR] = 1.12, 95% CI: 1.00-1.24). Working 6 h/day (vs. 5 h/day) in NPIW was non-significantly related to decreased risk of ΔBP (OR = 0.70), while ≥ 2 consecutive working days (vs. 1 working day) was non-significantly associated with increased risk of ΔBP (OR = 1.50).

Conclusion : This study revealed no significant trend for ΔBP by working days or working time. Anxiety was found to be significantly associated with increased ΔBP, while no <2 consecutive working days were non-significantly related to ΔBP. These findings may provide some preliminary evidence for BP control in nurses who are working in NPIW for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Wang Yaoyao, Tian Junzhang, Qu Hongying, Yu Lingna, Zhang Xiaoqin, Huang Lishan, Zhou Jianqun, Lian Wanmin, Wang Ruoting, Wang Lijun, Li Guowei, Tang Li

2022

COVID-19, blood pressure, negative pressure isolation ward, nurse, risk factors