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bioRxiv Preprint

An outbreak of Monkeypox has been reported in 75 countries so far, and it is spreading in fast pace around the world. The clinical attributes of Monkeypox resemble those of Smallpox, while skin lesions and rashes of Monkeypox often resemble those of other poxes, for example, Chickenpox and Cowpox. These similarities make Monkeypox detection challenging for healthcare professionals by examining the visual appearance of lesions and rashes. Additionally, there is a knowledge gap among healthcare professionals due to the rarity of Monkeypox before the current outbreak. Motivated by the success of artificial intelligence (AI) in COVID-19 detection, the scientific community has shown an increasing interest in using AI in Monkeypox detection from digital skin images. However, the lack of Monkeypox skin image data has been the bottleneck of using AI in Monkeypox detection. Therefore, recently, we introduced the Monkeypox Skin Image Dataset 2022, the largest of its kind so far. In addition, in this paper, we utilize this dataset to study the feasibility of using state-of-the-art AI deep models on skin images for Monkeypox detection. Our study found that deep AI models have great potential in the detection of Monkeypox from digital skin images (precision of 85%). However, achieving a more robust detection power requires larger training samples to train those deep models.

Islam, T.; Hussain, M. A.; Chowdhury, F. U. H.; Islam, B. M. R.

2022-08-09