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In Chemometrics and intelligent laboratory systems : an international journal sponsored by the Chemometrics Society

Experimental approaches are currently used to determine viral-host interactions, but these approaches are both time-consuming and costly. For these reasons, computational-based approaches are recommended. In this study, using computational-based approaches, viral-host interactions of SARS-CoV-2 virus and human proteins were predicted. The study consists of four different stages; in the first stage viral and host protein sequences were obtained. In the second stage, protein sequences were converted into numerical expressions by various protein mapping methods. These methods are entropy-based, AVL-tree, FIBHASH, binary encoding, CPNR, PAM250, BLOSUM62, Atchley factors, Meiler parameters, EIIP, AESNN1, Miyazawa energies, Micheletti potentials, Z-scale, and hydrophobicity. In the third stage, a deep learning model was designed and BiLSTM was used for this. In the last stage, the protein sequences were classified, and the viral-host interactions were predicted. The performances of protein mapping methods were determined by accuracy, F1-score, specificity, sensitivity, and AUC scores. According to the classification results, the best classification process was obtained by the entropy-based method. With this method, 94.74% accuracy, and 0.95 AUC score were calculated. Then, the most successful classification process was performed with the Z-scale and 91.23% accuracy, and 0.96 AUC score were obtained. Although other protein mapping methods are not as efficient as Z-scale and entropy-based methods, they have achieved successful classification. AVL-tree, FIBHASH, binary encoding, CPNR, PAM250, BLOSUM62, Atchley factors, Meiler parameters and AESNN1 methods showed over 80% accuracy, F1-score, and AUC score. Accuracy scores of EIIP, Miyazawa energies, Micheletti potentials and hydrophobicity methods remained below 80%. When the results were examined in general, it was observed that the computational approaches were successful in predicting viral-host interactions between SARS-CoV-2 virus and human proteins.

Alakus Talha Burak, Turkoglu Ibrahim


Covid-19, Deep learning, Protein mapping, SARS-CoV-2 virus