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In Biocybernetics and biomedical engineering

The COVID-19 epidemic has been causing a global problem since December 2019. COVID-19 is highly contagious and spreads rapidly throughout the world. Thus, early detection is essential. The progression of COVID-19 lung illness has been demonstrated to be aided by chest imaging. The respiratory system is the most vulnerable component of the human body to the COVID virus. COVID can be diagnosed promptly and accurately using images from a chest X-ray and a computed tomography scan. CT scans are preferred over X-rays to rule out other pulmonary illnesses, assist venous entry, and pinpoint any new heart problems. The traditional and trending tools are physical, time-inefficient, and not more accurate. Many techniques for detecting COVID utilizing CT scan images have recently been developed, yet none of them can efficiently detect COVID at an early stage. We proposed a two-dimensional Flexible analytical wavelet transform (FAWT) based on a novel technique in this work. This method is decomposed pre-processed images into sub-bands. Then statistical-based relevant features are extracted, and principal component analysis (PCA) is used to identify robust features. After that, robust features are ranked with the help of the Student's t-value algorithm. Finally, features are applied to Least Square-SVM (RBF) for classification. According to the experimental outcomes, our model beat state-of-the-art approaches for COVID classification. This model attained better classification accuracy of 93.47%, specificity 93.34%, sensitivity 93.6% and F1-score 0.93 using tenfold cross-validation.

Patel Rajneesh Kumar, Kashyap Manish


COVID-19, FAWT based image decomposition, Feature extraction, Image classification, Machine learning, Medical imaging