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In ACS nano ; h5-index 203.0

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has affected people for over two years. Moreover, the emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants has raised concerns regarding its accurate diagnosis. Here, we report a colorimetric DNAzyme reaction triggered by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) with clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR), referred to as DAMPR assay for detecting SARS-CoV-2 and variants genes with attomolar sensitivity within an hour. The CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) system eliminated false-positive signals of LAMP products, improving the accuracy of DAMPR assay. Further, we fabricated a portable DAMPR assay system using a three-dimensional printing technique and developed a machine learning (ML)-based smartphone application to routinely check diagnostic results of SARS-CoV-2 and variants. Among blind tests of 136 clinical samples, the proposed system successfully diagnosed COVID-19 patients with a clinical sensitivity and specificity of 100% each. More importantly, the D614G (variant-common), T478K (delta-specific), and A67V (omicron-specific) mutations of the SARS-CoV-2 S gene were detected selectively, enabling the diagnosis of 70 SARS-CoV-2 delta or omicron variant patients. The DAMPR assay system is expected to be employed for on-site, rapid, accurate detection of SARS-CoV-2 and its variants gene and employed in the diagnosis of various infectious diseases.

Song Jayeon, Cha Baekdong, Moon Jeong, Jang Hyowon, Kim Sunjoo, Jang Jieun, Yong Dongeun, Kwon Hyung-Jun, Lee In-Chul, Lim Eun-Kyung, Jung Juyeon, Park Hyun Gyu, Kang Taejoon


CRISPR-Cas9, SARS-CoV-2, machine learning, smartphone, variants