In Frontiers in public health
Automated severity assessment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients can help rationally allocate medical resources and improve patients' survival rates. The existing methods conduct severity assessment tasks mainly on a unitary modal and single view, which is appropriate to exclude potential interactive information. To tackle the problem, in this paper, we propose a multi-view multi-modal model to automatically assess the severity of COVID-19 patients based on deep learning. The proposed model receives multi-view ultrasound images and biomedical indices of patients and generates comprehensive features for assessment tasks. Also, we propose a reciprocal attention module to acquire the underlying interactions between multi-view ultrasound data. Moreover, we propose biomedical transform module to integrate biomedical data with ultrasound data to produce multi-modal features. The proposed model is trained and tested on compound datasets, and it yields 92.75% for accuracy and 80.95% for recall, which is the best performance compared to other state-of-the-art methods. Further ablation experiments and discussions conformably indicate the feasibility and advancement of the proposed model.
Li Yanhan, Zhao Hongyun, Gan Tian, Liu Yang, Zou Lian, Xu Ting, Chen Xuan, Fan Cien, Wu Meng
COVID-19, computer aided diagnosis, deep learning, multi-modal, multi-view