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In International journal of medical informatics ; h5-index 49.0

PURPOSE : COVID-19 disease frequently affects the lungs leading to bilateral viral pneumonia, progressing in some cases to severe respiratory failure requiring ICU admission and mechanical ventilation. Risk stratification at ICU admission is fundamental for resource allocation and decision making. We assessed performances of three machine learning approaches to predict mortality in COVID-19 patients admitted to ICU using early operative data from the Lombardy ICU Network.

METHODS : This is a secondary analysis of prospectively collected data from Lombardy ICU network. A logistic regression, balanced logistic regression and random forest were built to predict survival on two datasets: dataset A included patient demographics, medications before admission and comorbidities, and dataset B included respiratory data the first day in ICU.

RESULTS : Models were trained on 1484 patients on four outcomes (7/14/21/28 days) and reached the greatest predictive performance at 28 days (F1-score: 0.75 and AUC: 0.80). Age, number of comorbidities and male gender were strongly associated with mortality. On dataset B, mode of ventilatory assistance at ICU admission and fraction of inspired oxygen were associated with an increase in prediction performances.

CONCLUSIONS : Machine learning techniques might be useful in emergency phases to reach good predictive performances maintaining interpretability to gain knowledge on complex situations and enhance patient management and resources.

Greco Massimiliano, Angelotti Giovanni, Caruso Pier Francesco, Zanella Alberto, Stomeo Niccolò, Costantini Elena, Protti Alessandro, Pesenti Antonio, Grasselli Giacomo, Cecconi Maurizio


COVID-19, Emergency organization, Epidemiology, ICU management, Machine learning, Outcomes