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In Environmental science and pollution research international

Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a highly contagious virus (SARS-CoV-2) that has caused a global pandemic since January 2020. Scientists around the world are doing extensive research to control this disease. They are working tirelessly to find out the origin and causes of the disease. Several studies and experiments mentioned that there are some meteorological parameters which are highly correlated with COVID-19 transmission. In this work, we studied the effects of 11 meteorological parameters on the transmission of COVID-19 in Bangladesh. We first applied statistical analysis and observed that there is no significant effect of these parameters. Therefore, we proposed a novel technique to analyze the insight effects of these parameters by using a combination of Random Forest, CART, and Lasso feature selection techniques. We observed that 4 parameters are highly influential for COVID-19 where [Formula: see text] and Cloud have positive association whereas WS and AQ have negative impact. Among them, Cloud has the highest positive impact which is 0.063 and WS has the highest negative association which is [Formula: see text]. Moreover, we have validated our performance using DLNM technique. The result of this investigation can be used to develop an alert system that will assist the policymakers to know the characteristics of COVID-19 against meteorological parameters and can impose different policies based on the weather conditions.

Karmokar Jaionto, Islam Mohammad Aminul, Uddin Machbah, Hassan Md Rakib, Yousuf Md Sayeed Iftekhar

2022-May-06

Bangladesh, CART, COVID-19, DLNM, Lasso, Meteorological parameters, Random Forest