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In Neural computing & applications

COVID-19 has taken a toll on the entire world, rendering serious illness and high mortality rate. In the present day, when the globe is hit by a pandemic, those suspected to be infected by the virus need to confirm its presence to seek immediate medical attention to avoid adverse outcomes and also to prevent further transmission of the virus in their close contacts by ensuring timely isolation. The most reliable laboratory testing currently available is the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test. Although the test is considered gold standard, 20-25% of results can still be false negatives, which has lately led physicians to recommend medical imaging in specific cases. Our research examines the aspect of chest imaging as a method to diagnose COVID-19. This work is not directed to establish an alternative to RT-PCR, but to aid physicians in determining the presence of virus in medical images. As the disease presents lung involvement, it provides a basis to explore computer vision for classification in radiographic images. In this paper, authors compare the performance of various models, namely ResNet-50, EfficientNetB0, VGG-16 and a custom convolutional neural network (CNN) for detecting the presence of virus in chest computed tomography (CT) scan and chest X-ray images. The most promising results have been derived by using ResNet-50 on CT scans with an accuracy of 98.9% and ResNet-50 on X-rays with an accuracy of 98.7%, which offer an opportunity to further explore these methods for prospective use.

Khurana Yashika, Soni Umang

2022-Apr-19

COVID-19, Chest imaging, Convolutional neural network, Deep learning