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In Informatics in medicine unlocked

The world today faces a new challenge that is unprecedented in the last 100 years. The emergence of a new coronavirus has led to a human catastrophe. Scientists in various sciences have been looking for solutions to this problem so far. In addition to general vaccination, maintaining social distance and adherence to government guidelines on safety precaution measures are the most well-known strategies to prevent COVID-19 infection. In this research, we tried to examine the symptoms of COVID-19 cases through different supervised machine learning methods. We solved the class imbalance problem using the synthetic minority over-sampling (SMOTE) method and then developed some classification models to predict the outcome of COVID-19 cases (recovery or death). Besides, we implemented a rule-based technique to identify different combinations of variables with specific ranges of their values that together affect disease severity. Our results showed that the random forest model with 95.6% accuracy, 97.1% sensitivity, 94.0% specification, 94.4% precision, 95.8% F-score, and 99.3% AUC-score outperforms state-of-the-art classification models. Finally, we identified the most significant rules that state various combinations of 6 features in certain ranges of their values lead to patients' recovery with a confidence value of 90%. In conclusion, the classification results in this study show better performance than recent studies, and the extracted rules help physicians consider other important factors in improving health services to different groups of COVID-19 patients.

Ilbeigipou Sadegh, Albadvi Amir


Association rules mining, COVID-19, Confidence index, Coronavirus, Machine learning, Support index