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In European journal of radiology ; h5-index 47.0

PURPOSE : To evaluate the general rules and future trajectories of deep learning (DL) networks in medical image analysis through bibliometric and hot spot analysis of original articles published between 2012 and 2020.

METHODS : Original articles related to DL and medical imaging were retrieved from the PubMed database. For the analysis, data regarding radiological subspecialties; imaging techniques; DL networks; sample size; study purposes, setting, origins and design; statistical analysis; funding sources; authors; and first authors' affiliation was manually extracted from each article. The Bibliographic Item Co-Occurrence Matrix Builder and VOSviewer were used to identify the research topics of the included articles and illustrate the future trajectories of studies.

RESULTS : The study included 2685 original articles. The number of publications on DL and medical imaging has increased substantially since 2017, accounting for 97.2% of all included articles. We evaluated the rules of the application of 47 DL networks to eight radiological tasks on 11 human organ sites. Neuroradiology, thorax, and abdomen were frequent research subjects, while thyroid was under-represented. Segmentation and classification tasks were the primary purposes. U-Net, ResNet, and VGG were the most frequently used Convolutional neural network-derived networks. GAN-derived networks were widely developed and applied in 2020, and transfer learning was highlighted in the COVID-19 studies. Brain, prostate, and diabetic retinopathy-related studies were mature research topics in the field. Breast- and lung-related studies were in a stage of rapid development.

CONCLUSIONS : This study evaluates the general rules and future trajectories of DL network application in medical image analyses and provides guidance for future studies.

Wang Lu, Wang Hairui, Huang Yingna, Yan Baihui, Chang Zhihui, Liu Zhaoyu, Zhao Mingfang, Cui Lei, Song Jiangdian, Li Fan


Bibliometrics, Deep learning, Diagnostic imaging, Radiology