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In Tomography (Ann Arbor, Mich.)

We sought to analyze the prognostic value of laboratory and clinical data, and an artificial intelligence (AI)-based algorithm for Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) severity scoring, on CT-scans of patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Moreover, we aimed to determine personalized probabilities of clinical deterioration. Data of symptomatic patients with COVID-19 who underwent chest-CT-examination at the time of hospital admission between April and November 2020 were analyzed. COVID-19 severity score was automatically quantified for each pulmonary lobe as the percentage of affected lung parenchyma with the AI-based algorithm. Clinical deterioration was defined as a composite of admission to the intensive care unit, need for invasive mechanical ventilation, use of vasopressors or in-hospital mortality. In total 326 consecutive patients were included in the analysis (mean age 66.7 ± 15.3 years, 52.1% male) of whom 85 (26.1%) experienced clinical deterioration. In the multivariable regression analysis prior myocardial infarction (OR = 2.81, 95% CI = 1.12-7.04, p = 0.027), immunodeficiency (OR = 2.08, 95% CI = 1.02-4.25, p = 0.043), C-reactive protein (OR = 1.73, 95% CI = 1.32-2.33, p < 0.001) and AI-based COVID-19 severity score (OR = 1.08; 95% CI = 1.02-1.15, p = 0.013) appeared to be independent predictors of clinical deterioration. Personalized probability values were determined. AI-based COVID-19 severity score assessed at hospital admission can provide additional information about the prognosis of COVID-19, possibly serving as a useful tool for individualized risk-stratification.

Szabó István Viktor, Simon Judit, Nardocci Chiara, Kardos Anna Sára, Nagy Norbert, Abdelrahman Renad-Heyam, Zsarnóczay Emese, Fejér Bence, Futácsi Balázs, Müller Veronika, Merkely Béla, Maurovich-Horvat Pál

2021-Nov-01

COVID-19, artificial intelligence, computed tomography