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In Biomedical signal processing and control

Automatic classification of cough data can play a vital role in early detection of Covid-19. Lots of Covid-19 symptoms are somehow related to the human respiratory system, which affect sound production organs. As a result, anomalies in cough sound is expected to be discovered in Covid-19 patients as a sign of infection. This drives the research towards detection of potential Covid-19 cases with inspecting cough sound. While there are several well-performing deep networks, which are capable of classifying sound with a high accuracy, they are not suitable for using in early detection of Covid-19 as they are huge and power/memory hungry. Actually, cough recognition algorithms need to be implemented in hand-held or wearable devices in order to generate early Covid-19 warning without the need to refer individuals to health centers. Therefore, accurate and at the same time lightweight classifiers are needed, in practice. So, there is a need to either compress the complicated models or design light-weight models from the beginning which are suitable for implementation on embedded devices. In this paper, we follow the second approach. We investigate a new lightweight deep learning model to distinguish Covid and Non-Covid cough data. This model not only achieves the state of the art on the well-known and publicly available Virufy dataset, but also is shown to be a good candidate for implementation in low-power devices suitable for hand-held applications.

Soltanian Mohammad, Borna Keivan


Computational complexity, Convolutional neural network, Kernel separation, MFCC, Quadratic convolution