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In IEEE access : practical innovations, open solutions

Chest X-ray (CXR) imaging is a standard and crucial examination method used for suspected cases of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). In profoundly affected or limited resource areas, CXR imaging is preferable owing to its availability, low cost, and rapid results. However, given the rapidly spreading nature of COVID-19, such tests could limit the efficiency of pandemic control and prevention. In response to this issue, artificial intelligence methods such as deep learning are promising options for automatic diagnosis because they have achieved state-of-the-art performance in the analysis of visual information and a wide range of medical images. This paper reviews and critically assesses the preprint and published reports between March and May 2020 for the diagnosis of COVID-19 via CXR images using convolutional neural networks and other deep learning architectures. Despite the encouraging results, there is an urgent need for public, comprehensive, and diverse datasets. Further investigations in terms of explainable and justifiable decisions are also required for more robust, transparent, and accurate predictions.

Alghamdi Hanan S, Amoudi Ghada, Elhag Salma, Saeedi Kawther, Nasser Jomanah

2021

COVID-19, Chest x-ray, coronavirus, deep learning, radiological imaging