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In Computers in biology and medicine

Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) is a severe respiratory viral disease first reported in late 2019 that has spread worldwide. Although some wealthy countries have made significant progress in detecting and containing this disease, most underdeveloped countries are still struggling to identify COVID-19 cases in large populations. With the rising number of COVID-19 cases, there are often insufficient COVID-19 diagnostic kits and related resources in such countries. However, other basic diagnostic resources often do exist, which motivated us to develop Deep Learning models to assist clinicians and radiologists to provide prompt diagnostic support to the patients. In this study, we have developed a deep learning-based COVID-19 case detection model trained with a dataset consisting of chest CT scans and X-ray images. A modified ResNet50V2 architecture was employed as deep learning architecture in the proposed model. The dataset utilized to train the model was collected from various publicly available sources and included four class labels: confirmed COVID-19, normal controls and confirmed viral and bacterial pneumonia cases. The aggregated dataset was preprocessed through a sharpening filter before feeding the dataset into the proposed model. This model attained an accuracy of 96.452% for four-class cases (COVID-19/Normal/Bacterial pneumonia/Viral pneumonia), 97.242% for three-class cases (COVID-19/Normal/Bacterial pneumonia) and 98.954% for two-class cases (COVID-19/Viral pneumonia) using chest X-ray images. The model acquired a comprehensive accuracy of 99.012% for three-class cases (COVID-19/Normal/Community-acquired pneumonia) and 99.99% for two-class cases (Normal/COVID-19) using CT-scan images of the chest. This high accuracy presents a new and potentially important resource to enable radiologists to identify and rapidly diagnose COVID-19 cases with only basic but widely available equipment.

Ahamed Khabir Uddin, Islam Manowarul, Uddin Ashraf, Akhter Arnisha, Paul Bikash Kumar, Yousuf Mohammad Abu, Uddin Shahadat, Quinn Julian M W, Moni Mohammad Ali

2021-Nov-04

Convolutional neural network, Coronavirus, Deep learning, Pneumonia, Rediology, Respiratory diseases