In Social science & medicine (1982)
A large evidence base demonstrates that the outcomes of COVID-19 and national and local interventions are not distributed equally across different communities. The need to inform policies and mitigation measures aimed at reducing the spread of COVID-19 highlights the need to understand the complex links between our daily activities and COVID-19 transmission that reflect the characteristics of British society. As a result of a partnership between academic and private sector researchers, we introduce a novel data driven modelling framework together with a computationally efficient approach to running complex simulation models of this type. We demonstrate the power and spatial flexibility of the framework to assess the effects of different interventions in a case study where the effects of the first UK national lockdown are estimated for the county of Devon. Here we find that an earlier lockdown is estimated to result in a lower peak in COVID-19 cases and 47% fewer infections overall during the initial COVID-19 outbreak. The framework we outline here will be crucial in gaining a greater understanding of the effects of policy interventions in different areas and within different populations.
Spooner Fiona, Abrams Jesse F, Morrissey Karyn, Shaddick Gavin, Batty Michael, Milton Richard, Dennett Adam, Lomax Nik, Malleson Nick, Nelissen Natalie, Coleman Alex, Nur Jamil, Jin Ying, Greig Rory, Shenton Charlie, Birkin Mark
COVID-19, Coronavirus, Dynamics, Microsimulation, SEIR, Spatial-interaction