In Critical reviews in food science and nutrition ; h5-index 70.0
The evaluation of food intake is important in scientific research and clinical practice to understand the relationship between diet and health conditions of an individual or a population. Large volumes of data are generated daily in the health sector. In this sense, Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools have been increasingly used, for example, the application of Machine Learning (ML) algorithms to extract useful information, find patterns, and predict diseases. This systematic review aimed to identify studies that used ML algorithms to assess food intake in different populations. A literature search was conducted using five electronic databases, and 36 studies met all criteria and were included. According to the results, there has been a growing interest in the use of ML algorithms in the area of nutrition in recent years. Also, supervised learning algorithms were the most used, and the most widely used method of nutritional assessment was the food frequency questionnaire. We observed a trend in using the data analysis programs, such as R and WEKA. The use of ML in nutrition is recent and challenging. Therefore, it is encouraged that more studies are carried out relating these themes for the development of food reeducation programs and public policies.
Oliveira Chaves Larissa, Gomes Domingos Ana Luiza, Louzada Fernandes Daniel, Ribeiro Cerqueira Fabio, Siqueira-Batista Rodrigo, Bressan Josefina
Food intake, artificial intelligence, computational tools, diet, machine learning, supervised and unsupervised algorithms