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In Environmental technology

Most of the dyes are toxic and non-biodegradable in textile industry wastewaters. Therefore, removal of textile dye using agriculture waste becomes crucial for the environment. This can be accomplished by the biosorption process which is passive uptake of pollutants by agricultural waste. In this study, Response Surface Methodology (RSM), Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) were used to obtain optimum conditions for Methylene Blue (MB) removal using sugarcane bagasse and peanut hulls as low-cost agricultural waste. The experimental design was carried out to study the effect of temperature, pH, biosorbent amount and dye concentration. The maximum MB dye removal considering the effect of total dissolved solids from aqueous solutions of 74.49% and 67.99% by sugarcane bagasse and peanut hulls, respectively. The models specify that they could predict biosorption with high accuracy having R2-value above 0.9. Statistical studies for RSM, ANFIS and ANN models were compared. Further, the models were optimised for maximum dye removal was at 1.21 g of biosorbent, pH 5.24, 31.24 mg/L MB concentration, 22.29°C of dye solution using sugarcane bagasse and at 1.37 g of biosorbent, pH 5.77, 36.7 mg/L MB concentration, 26.8°C of dye solution using peanut hulls. Additionally, Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) spectral analysis was also carried out to confirm the biosorption.

K Aghilesh, Kumar Ajay, Agarwal Smriti, Garg Manoj Chandra, Joshi Himanshu


Artificial neural network, Biosorption, Dyes, Peanut hulls, Response surface methodology, Sugarcane Bagasse