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In Journal of biomechanical engineering ; h5-index 32.0

In the present work, we investigated the use of geometric indices to predict patient-specific abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) wall stress by means of a novel neural network (NN) modeling approach. We conducted a retrospective review of existing clinical images of two patient groups: 98 asymptomatic and 50 symptomatic AAA. The images were subject to a protocol consisting of image segmentation, processing, volume meshing, finite element modeling, and geometry quantification, from which 53 geometric indices and the spatially averaged wall stress (SAWS) were calculated. We developed feed-forward NN models composed of an input layer, two dense layers, and an output layer using Keras, a deep learning library in Python. The NN models were trained, tested, and validated independently for both AAA groups using all geometric indices, as well as a reduced set of indices resulting from a variable reduction procedure. We compared the performance of the NN models with two standard machine learning algorithms (MARS: multivariate adaptive regression splines and GAM: generalized additive model) and a linear regression model (GLM: generalized linear model). The NN-based approach exhibited the highest overall mean goodness-of-fit and lowest overall relative error compared to MARS, GAM, and GLM, when using the reduced sets of indices to predict SAWS for both AAA groups. The use of NN modeling represents a promising alternative methodology for the estimation of AAA wall stress using geometric indices as surrogates, in lieu of finite element modeling.

Rengarajan Balaji, Patnaik Sourav, Finol Ender A