Receive a weekly summary and discussion of the top papers of the week by leading researchers in the field.

In Computational and mathematical methods in medicine

Accurate risk assessment of high-risk patients is essential in clinical practice. However, there is no practical method to predict or monitor the prognosis of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) complicated by hyperuricemia. We aimed to evaluate the performance of different machine learning models for the prediction of 1-year mortality in STEMI patients with hyperuricemia. We compared five machine learning models (logistic regression, k-nearest neighbor, CatBoost, random forest, and XGBoost) with the traditional global (GRACE) risk score for acute coronary event registrations. We registered patients aged >18 years diagnosed with STEMI and hyperuricemia at the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University between January 2016 and January 2020. Overall, 656 patients were enrolled (average age, 62.5 ± 13.6 years; 83.6%, male). All patients underwent emergency percutaneous coronary intervention. We evaluated the performance of five machine learning classifiers and the GRACE risk model in predicting 1-year mortality. The area under the curve (AUC) of the six models, including the GRACE risk model, ranged from 0.75 to 0.88. Among all the models, CatBoost had the highest predictive accuracy (0.89), AUC (0.87), precision (0.84), and F1 value (0.44). After hybrid sampling technique optimization, CatBoost had the highest accuracy (0.96), AUC (0.99), precision (0.95), and F1 value (0.97). Machine learning algorithms, especially the CatBoost model, can accurately predict the mortality associated with STEMI complicated by hyperuricemia after a 1-year follow-up.

Bai Zhixun, Lu Jing, Li Ting, Ma Yi, Liu Zhijiang, Zhao Ranzun, Wang Zhenglong, Shi Bei