In Critical reviews in food science and nutrition ; h5-index 70.0
Pathogenic bacteria and their metabolites are the leading risk factor in food safety and are one of the major threats to human health because of the capability of triggering diseases with high morbidity and mortality. Nano-optical sensors for bacteria sensing have been greatly explored with the emergence of nanotechnology and artificial intelligence. In addition, with the rapid development of cross fusion technology, other technologies integrated nano-optical sensors show great potential in bacterial and their metabolites sensing. This review focus on nano-optical strategies for bacteria and their metabolites sensing in the field of food safety; based on surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), fluorescence, and colorimetric biosensors, and their integration with the microfluidic platform, electrochemical platform, and nucleic acid amplification platform in the recent three years. Compared with the traditional techniques, nano optical-based sensors have greatly improved the sensitivity with reduced detection time and cost. However, challenges remain for the simple fabrication of biosensors and their practical application in complex matrices. Thus, bringing out improvements or novelty in the pretreatment methods will be a trend in the upcoming future.
Xu Yi, Hassan Md Mehedi, Sharma Arumugam Selva, Li Huanhuan, Chen Quansheng
Nano optical sensor, bacterial metabolites, food safety, integrated platform, pathogenic bacteria