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ArXiv Preprint

Fusing medical images and the corresponding 3D shape representation can provide complementary information and microstructure details to improve the operational performance and accuracy in brain surgery. However, compared to the substantial image data, it is almost impossible to obtain the intraoperative 3D shape information by using physical methods such as sensor scanning, especially in minimally invasive surgery and robot-guided surgery. In this paper, a general generative adversarial network (GAN) architecture based on graph convolutional networks is proposed to reconstruct the 3D point clouds (PCs) of brains by using one single 2D image, thus relieving the limitation of acquiring 3D shape data during surgery. Specifically, a tree-structured generative mechanism is constructed to use the latent vector effectively and transfer features between hidden layers accurately. With the proposed generative model, a spontaneous image-to-PC conversion is finished in real-time. Competitive qualitative and quantitative experimental results have been achieved on our model. In multiple evaluation methods, the proposed model outperforms another common point cloud generative model PointOutNet.

Bowen Hu, Baiying Lei, Yanyan Shen, Yong Liu, Shuqiang Wang