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In IEEE/ACM transactions on computational biology and bioinformatics

With the advent of the era of big data, it is troublesome to accurately predict the associations between lncRNAs and diseases based on traditional biological experiments due to its time-consuming and subjective. In this paper, we propose a novel deep learning method for predicting lncRNA-disease associations using multi-feature coding and attention convolutional neural network (MCA-Net). We first calculate six similarity features to extract different types of lncRNA and disease feature information. Second, a multi-feature coding method is proposed to construct the feature vectors of lncRNA-disease association samples by integrating the six similarity features. Furthermore, an attention convolutional neural network is developed to identify lncRNA-disease associations under 10-fold cross-validation. Finally, we evaluate the performance of MCA-Net from different perspectives including the effects of the model parameters, distinct deep learning models, and the necessity of attention mechanism. We also compare MCA-Net with several state-of-the-art methods on three publicly available datasets, i.e., LncRNADisease, Lnc2Cancer, and LncRNADisease2.0. The results show that our MCA-Net outperforms the state-of-the-art methods on all three of datasets. Besides, case studies on breast cancer and lung cancer further verify that MCA-Net is effective and accurate for the lncRNA-disease association prediction.

Zhang Yuan, Ye Fei, Gao Xieping