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In Expert review of neurotherapeutics

Introduction: The recognition and therapy of patients with stroke is becoming progressively intricate as additional treatment choices become accessible and new associations between disease characteristics and treatment response are incessantly uncovered. Therefore, clinicians must regularly learn new skill, stay up to date with the literature and integrate advances into daily practice. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) to assist clinical decision making could diminish inter-rater variation in routine clinical practice and accelerate the mining of vital data that could expand recognition of patients with stroke, forecast of treatment responses and patient outcomes.Areas covered: In this review, the authors provide an up-to-date review of AI in stroke, analyzing the latest papers on this subject. These have been divided in two main groups: stroke diagnosis and outcome prediction.Expert opinion: The highest value of AI is its capability to merge, select and condense a large amount of clinical and imaging features of a single patient and to associate these with fitted models that have gone through robust assessment and optimization with large cohorts of data to support clinical decision making.

Corrias Giuseppe, Mazzotta Andrea, Melis Marta, Cademartiri Filippo, Yang Qi, Suri Jasjit S, Saba Luca

2021-Jul-20

Supervised artificial intelligence, image optimization and analysis, perfusion imaging, stroke