In Journal of medical Internet research ; h5-index 88.0
BACKGROUND : Among successful measures to curb COVID-19 spread in large populations includes the implementation of a movement restriction order. Globally, it was observed that countries implementing strict movement control were more successful in controlling the spread of the virus as compared to countries with less stringent measures. Society's adherence to the movement control order has helped expedite the process to flatten the pandemic curve as seen in countries such as China and Malaysia. At the same time, there are countries facing challenges with society's nonconformity towards movement restriction orders due to various claims such as human rights violations as well as socio-cultural and economic issues. In Indonesia, society's adherence to its Large-Scale Social Restrictions (LSSR) order is also a challenge to achieve. Indonesia is regarded as among the worst in Southeast Asian countries in terms of managing the spread of COVID-19. It is proven by the significant number of daily confirmed cases and the total number of deaths which was more than 6% of total active cases as of May 2020.
OBJECTIVE : To explore public sentiments and emotions toward the LSSR and identify issues, fear and reluctance to observe this restriction among the Indonesian public.
METHODS : This study adopts sentiment analysis method with supervised machine learning approach on COVID-19 related posts on selected media platforms, which are Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, and YouTube. The analysis was also done on COVID-19 related news contained in more than 500 online news platforms recognized by the Indonesian Press Council. Social media posts and news originating from Indonesian online media between March 31 to May 31, 2020 were analyzed. Emotion analysis on Twitter platform was also performed to identify collective public emotions toward the LSSR.
RESULTS : The study found that positive sentiment surpasses other sentiment categories by 1,002,947 mentions (52%) of the total data collected via the search engine. Negative sentiment was recorded at 36%, and neutral sentiment at 13%. The analysis of Twitter posts also showed that the majority of public have the emotion of "trust" toward the LSSR.
CONCLUSIONS : Public sentiment toward the LSSR appeared to be positive despite doubts on government consistency in executing the LSSR. The emotion analysis also concluded that the majority of people believe in LSSR as the best method to break the chain of COVID-19 transmission. Overall, Indonesians showed trust and expressed hope towards the government's ability to manage this current global health crisis and win against COVID-19.
Tri Sakti Andi Muhammad, Mohamad Emma, Azlan Arina Anis