In IEEE transactions on neural networks and learning systems
Spiking neural networks (SNNs) are brain-inspired mathematical models with the ability to process information in the form of spikes. SNNs are expected to provide not only new machine-learning algorithms but also energy-efficient computational models when implemented in very-large-scale integration (VLSI) circuits. In this article, we propose a novel supervised learning algorithm for SNNs based on temporal coding. A spiking neuron in this algorithm is designed to facilitate analog VLSI implementations with analog resistive memory, by which ultrahigh energy efficiency can be achieved. We also propose several techniques to improve the performance on recognition tasks and show that the classification accuracy of the proposed algorithm is as high as that of the state-of-the-art temporal coding SNN algorithms on the MNIST and Fashion-MNIST datasets. Finally, we discuss the robustness of the proposed SNNs against variations that arise from the device manufacturing process and are unavoidable in analog VLSI implementation. We also propose a technique to suppress the effects of variations in the manufacturing process on the recognition performance.
Sakemi Yusuke, Morino Kai, Morie Takashi, Aihara Kazuyuki