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In IEEE computer graphics and applications

Fast and accurate brushing is crucial in visual data exploration and sketch-based solutions are successful methods. In this paper, we detail a solution, based on kernel density estimation (KDE), which computes a data subset selection in a scatterplot from a simple click-and-drag interaction. We explain, how this technique relates to two alternative approaches, i.e., Mahalanobis brushing and CNN brushing. To study this relation, we conducted two user studies and present both a quantitative three-fold comparison as well as additional details about the prevalence of all possible cases in that each technique succeeds/fails. With this, we also provide a comparison between empirical modeling and implicit modeling by deep learning in terms of accuracy, efficiency, generality and interpretability.

Fan Chaoran, Hauser Helwig