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In Computing in cardiology

Objective : We sought to determine whether electrical patterns in endocardial wavefronts contained elements specific to atrial fibrillation (AF) disease progression.

Methods : A canine paced model (n=7, female mongrel, 29±2 kg) of persistent AF was endocardially mapped with a 64-electrode basket catheter during periods of AF at 1 month, 3 month, and 6 months post-implant of stimulator. A 50-layer residual network was then trained to map half-second electrogram samples to their source timepoint.

Results : The trained network achieved final validation and testing accuracies of 51.6 and 48.5% respectively. Per class F1 scores were 24%, 59%, and 53% for 1 month, 3 month, and 6 month inputs from the testing dataset.

Conclusion : Differentiation of AF based on its time progression was shown to be feasible with a deep learning method. This is promising for differentiating treatment based on disease progression though low accuracy with earlier timepoints may be an obstacle to identifying nascent AF.

Hunt Bram, Kwan Eugene, McMillan Mark, Dosdall Derek, MacLeod Rob, Ranjan Ravi