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In Frontiers in medicine

Several advances in recent decades in digital imaging, artificial intelligence, and multiplex modalities have improved our ability to automatically analyze and interpret imaging data. Imaging technologies such as optical coherence tomography, optical projection tomography, and quantitative phase microscopy allow analysis of tissues and cells in 3-dimensions and with subcellular granularity. Improvements in computer vision and machine learning have made algorithms more successful in automatically identifying important features to diagnose disease. Many new automated multiplex modalities such as antibody barcoding with cleavable DNA (ABCD), single cell analysis for tumor phenotyping (SCANT), fast analytical screening technique fine needle aspiration (FAST-FNA), and portable fluorescence-based image cytometry analyzer (CytoPAN) are under investigation. These have shown great promise in their ability to automatically analyze several biomarkers concurrently with high sensitivity, even in paucicellular samples, lending themselves well as tools in FNA. Not yet widely adopted for clinical use, many have successfully been applied to human samples. Once clinically validated, some of these technologies are poised to change the routine practice of cytopathology.

Lau Ryan P, Kim Teresa H, Rao Jianyu


computational cytopathology, computational pathology, molecular cytopathology, multiplex immunofluorescence, single cell biomarker analysis