In Health information science and systems
With the increasing prevalence of neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease, hand tremor detection has become a popular research topic because it helps with the diagnosis and tracking of disease progression. Conventional hand tremor detection algorithms involved wearable sensors. A non-invasive hand tremor detection algorithm using videos as input is desirable but the existing video-based algorithms are sensitive to environmental conditions. An algorithm, with the capability of detecting hand tremor from videos with a cluttered background, would allow the videos recorded in a non-research environment to be used. Clinicians and researchers could use videos collected from patients and participants in their own home environment or standard clinical settings. Neural network based machine learning architectures provide high accuracy classification results in related fields including hand gesture recognition and body movement detection systems. We thus investigated the accuracy of advanced neural network architectures to automatically detect hand tremor in videos with a cluttered background. We examined configurations with different sets of features and neural network based classification models. We compared the performance of different combinations of features and classification models and then selected the combination which provided the highest accuracy of hand tremor detection. We used cross validation to test the accuracy of the trained model predictions. The highest classification accuracy for automatically detecting tremor (vs non tremor) was 80.6% and this was obtained using Convolutional Neural Network-Long Short-Term Memory and features based on measures of frequency and amplitude change.
Wang Xinyi, Garg Saurabh, Tran Son N, Bai Quan, Alty Jane
Advanced neural network, Hand tremor detection, Machine learning, Videos with cluttered background