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In Annals of translational medicine

Molecular imaging (MI) is a science that uses imaging methods to reflect the changes of molecular level in living state and conduct qualitative and quantitative studies on its biological behaviors in imaging. Optical molecular imaging (OMI) and nuclear medical imaging are two key research fields of MI. OMI technology refers to the optical information generated by the imaging target (such as tumors) due to drug intervention and other reasons. By collecting the optical information, researchers can track the motion trajectory of the imaging target at the molecular level. Owing to its high specificity and sensitivity, OMI has been widely used in preclinical research and clinical surgery. Nuclear medical imaging mainly detects ionizing radiation emitted by radioactive substances. It can provide molecular information for early diagnosis, effective treatment and basic research of diseases, which has become one of the frontiers and hot topics in the field of medicine in the world today. Both OMI and nuclear medical imaging technology require a lot of data processing and analysis. In recent years, artificial intelligence technology, especially neural network-based machine learning (ML) technology, has been widely used in MI because of its powerful data processing capability. It provides a feasible strategy to deal with large and complex data for the requirement of MI. In this review, we will focus on the applications of ML methods in OMI and nuclear medical imaging.

Yin Lin, Cao Zhen, Wang Kun, Tian Jie, Yang Xing, Zhang Jianhua


Molecular imaging (MI), artificial intelligence, nuclear medical imaging, optical molecular imaging (OMI)